BRIEF HISTORY OF KURDISTAN
Kurdistan is the land of the Kurds. The Kurds talk an Indo-European language. They are descendants of two great group of races: The Pre-Indo-European peoples like the Gutians, Lulluians, Khurrians, Kassites...etc., and the Indo- European peoples which the Medes are the most known one.
The former who talked a hitherto unknown group of language generally called Asiatic or Caucasian appear from the third millennium B.C. and remained to the first millennium B.C., while the immigration of the Medes and other Indo- European peoples started from the early second millennium B.C. Kurdistan had some great kingdoms like the Mittanian Kingdom in the Northern Kurdistan.
The Mittanians were an Indo- European ruling class who dominated the Khurrians who were an ancient and great Asiatic People. The Mittanian Kingdom took a great part in the politics of those ages. It had war and peace relations with Pharaos, Hittets and Kassites. The Kassites who lived in Southern Kurdistan conquered Mesopotamia in 17th century B.C. and ruled it for more than four centuries.
Media in turn played a great role in that world after it (with the Babylonians) put an end to the Assyrian Empire 612 B.C. But in the century later Media lost its Empire to the Persian king Cyrus (Kurush). Since then no great Kingdom was built in Kurdistan but only some small kingdoms and principalities. Kurdistan became since then a road of armies of the kingdoms and a field of conflict between them. Ancient peoples of Kurdistan were pagans.
After Zoroaster ( Zaratushtra) preached his new monoistic religion they adapted the new religion gradually, but Zoroasterism lost most of its monoistic creed and turned to fire-worship. Christianity got slight progress in Kurdistan and nowadays the christian are Syrianics. The majority of Kurds are Muslims and they took distinct role in the Islamic civilization.
878 times viewed